Welcome to the Criminal Justice Information Network of North Carolina -- Current Bills With Potential Impact to Criminal Justice (Click Here)
The North Carolina Criminal Justice Information Network (CJIN) is a statewide criminal justice infrastructure that allows the sharing of information between state and local criminal justice agencies. North Carolina is recognized in the nation as one of the leading states in developing a statewide criminal justice information network.
The CJIN Board recommends projects to provide more effective communications for law enforcement across the state.
As stated in the 2013 Annual Report to the General Assembly, the CJIN Board has successfully implemented a number of projects, including mobile voice and data, fingerprinting, and court and juvenile justice applications, along with access to federal databases.
The CJIN Board is comprised of the most knowledgeable cross-section of criminal justice professionals assembled in North Carolina and possesses a proven track record of success. Because most statewide projects cross over the jurisdictional boundaries between the Judicial and Executive branches, the membership of the CJIN Board is well represented by both sides and has a history of success in working together.
CJIN's strategic direction includes a plan for cost avoidance in the tens of millions of dollars, making North Carolina the first state to posses such a game-changing initiative.
The CJIN Board included a section within the report outlining several opportunities to enhance the information sharing capabilities of local law enforcement along with the ability to obtain advanced crime fighting tools – crime mapping, searching narratives, connecting known associates, property, vehicles, etc. The opportunity to share and use these crime tools can be obtained by exporting the information within the local record management systems to the FBI's National Data Exchange System. As stated in the report, the CJIN Board will continue to meet with the vendors of North Carolina to facilitate an interface between local law enforcement and the FBI.
The CJIN Board has been working to connect the two largest regional systems in NC, the Charlotte Regional Information Sharing System (CRISS) and the Law Enforcement Information Exchange (LInX) System which was developed by the Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS) and is being maintained by Northrop Grumman. This initative has been achived and now the CJIN Board is hoping to obtain funding for some additonal agencies to connect to the LInX system. Details of these projects are located here.
The North Carolina DNA Database (§ 15A-266.3A) requires defendants arrested for certain felony offenses to provide DNA samples at arrest rather than waiting for conviction. These samples are collected by local Law Enforcement while fingerprinting defendants at arrest. These samples are forwarded to the SBI to be analyzed and added to the DNA Database. They are then to be used to identify guilty parties as well as exonerate the innocent. If the defendant is later found not guilty, or pleads guilty to a misdemeanor not covered by this statute then the SBI is directed to destroy the sample. (Unless other grounds exist to allow them to keep the sample: i.e. the defendant’s DNA was taken pursuant to a previous felony conviction); 15A-266(3A) requires that in cases where the defendant has been found not guilty, case dismissed or never charged the Defendant shall have his DNA sample expunged from the DNA Database. The statute directs that that the local District Attorney notify the SBI when the DNA should be expunged from the Database. At the March 29, 2012 CJIN Board meeting a resolution was unanimously passed, recommending an alternative process for handling expunction, please click here for more information about DNA expunction.
There have been some lengthy discussions by the Board regarding this issue. When the CJIN Board was compiling the Pawn Broker Transaction Study the majority of law enforcement agencies that we met with also had challenges with scrap metal dealers. Law enforcement was consistently stating that property crime, including automobiles, was difficult to track because of the record keeping and the access to records. This was also coupled with the timely destruction of the property that was stolen. To read more about this concern for law enforcement for the State of NC, please click here.
Recently at the CJIN Board, Detective Kim Simma from the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Depatment, brough tto the Board's attention that there are several Pawn ATM's being installed in Charlotte area malls. These machines scan the barcode of a device and "offer" an amount of money for it, if accepted, the machince takes the device and give the cash to the recipient. To facilitate this study, the CJIN Board conducted workshops with county and municipal law enforcement agencies, information technology professionals, pawnshop owners, pawnshop lobbyists, and vendors operating in North Carolina. Tto read more about the Pawn ATMs click here.
George White and Ron Buchanan from the CJIS ISO Program Office with the Federal Bureau of Investigation gave the CJIN Board an overview of two-factor authentication. There has been lots of discussion across the state regarding two-factor authentication and what constitutes compliance, the staff has invited Ron and George to provide us with a presentation regarding compliance through CJIS. George went through the process that the ISO program office used to devise the process and what would be considered compliance through the FBI. George stated that authentication is the process of verifying a claimed identity, determining if the subject is really who he/she claims to be. It is based on at least one of the following three factors: something a person has (smart card, token, key, swipe card, badge), something a person knows (password, passphrase, PIN), something a person is (fingerprint, voice, retina/iris characteristics). *Strong, or two-factor, authentication contains two out of these three methods. Please see summary and power point.
Discovery Automation Process for District Attorneys was highlighted along with the benefits to the users, as well as some of the features that the system offers. There were numerous screen shots of the system in action to allow for a more detailed understanding of the look and feel of the system. A timeline was provided for the various releases of the system and a chart of the constituents that are served by the system. To see the DAS Fact Sheet click here.
Danny Bell, Project Manager for CJLEADS gave the Board an update on the progress of the system including over 25,000 trained users, over 510 Federal, State, County and Local Criminal Justice Agencies, Danny gave the Board an overview of the functionality of Release 8 for CJLEADS, that was made available December 6, 2012. This release allows for a vehicle partial plate search report, a group watch list alerts report, and a felony (FEL) warning icon. Danny stated that the CJLEADS team are continuing their collaboration efforts with AOC to complete work on an interface to the Statewide Warrants Repository that will offer real-time verification of warrant status. This feature, as well as several other enhancements, will likely be made available in Fall of 2013. CJLEADS is also working with NCDOJ to establish a web service to DCI which will display a hot file flag for all CJLEADS users and streamlined access to DCI for DCI certified users, for more information please see CJLEADS Website.The Office of State Controller has released in Feburary 2013, the NC Government Business Intelligence Compentency Center Program, you can read that report here.
The NCAWARE system provides an automated, web-based statewide warrant repository to maintain and track criminal processes and offender information. NCAWARE electronically interfacing to the Local Law Enforcement RMS, a nightly download is now available to all law enforcement that will download into their specific Record Management System; AOC has also deployed a Magistrate Video Project that you can read more about and view the presentation here. For more information on NCAWARE please visit http://www.nccourts.org/news/NCAWAREfacts.asp.
Jail Administration - Pitt County Detention Center
The CJIN Staff requested that the Pitt County Sheriff’s Office share with the Board how the use of GuardTracker has automated the Pitt County Detention Center; Major Lawrence Whaley and Sgt. Clinton Williams gave a presentation on the solution that they created for the Detention Center. GuardTracker, which was a solution that Sgt. Clinton Williams developed as they were using a white board and post-it notes, now they have a fully integrated technological solution. The program has the potential to save jails throughout North Carolina tens of millions of dollars in savings; however, more important are the public safety features of the program that apply to both the guards and the inmates.
Clerk of the Court Automation
The Administrative Office of the Courts is working with the CJIN Board to try and determine the most efficient way to automate the Clerk of Court Process that includes:
The Clerks of Superior Court act as the hub of court system including serving a judge of probate. The following list of responsibilities and accountabilities was provided by one of our CJIN Board members, the Honorable Mike McArthur, the list was developed by the Honorable Rachel Joyner, Nash County Clerk of Superior Court: Accounting Department, Domestic Violence, Enforcement of Child Support Orders, Child Support Court, Superior Civil, District Civil, Small Claims – District, Superior Criminal, District Criminal, Issues all Court Process, Magistrates, Jury Pool System, Arbitrates disputes between Board of Education and Board of County Commissioners, Nominates for appointment to Resident Superior Court Judge, Magistrates, Public Administrator, $3 million invested of minors’ funds, Collected over $11 million – 1995, Special proceedings and CSC hearings, Land Sales – Land Division, Sets Attorney Fees, Change of Name Proceedings, Appoints administrators, executors, coordinators, receivers, Appoints court commissioners and jury commissioners, Settlement of boundary line and Cartway Disputes, Foreclosures, attachments, claims, and delivery hearings, Adoption Hearings, Petitions to Open Adoptions, Special Proceedings Confidential (involuntary commitment), Estates of deceased persons, minors, and incompetents, Audits accounts of fiduciaries, Administers estates less than $5,000, and Removal of fiduciaries – contempt power.